Last year, I embarked on a year-long rhythmic cycling journey as part of my research for The 2021 Ultimate Guide to Spin Studios. Starting with a compulsory beginner class at Absolute Cycle and subsequently an unlimited package at R10T for several months, I slowly made my way around the many spin studios in Singapore, from the youth-skewing Revolution and Aurora as well as neighbourhood-focused boutique studios such as AXIOM, XYCO Studio, Sync Cycle and Popsicle to more adult-centric and edgy spaces such as Ground Zero, CruCycle and Ally.

The spin scene is a a fast-evolving, fascinating universe that defied my preconceptions and expectations. Far from the day-glo, frivolous and female-centric experience which sits in the same basket as Zumba and trampoline fitness classes that many picture rhythmic cycling to be, spin classes have pushed and stretched me in ways that not even strength and conditioning classes at decidedly more “macho” gyms have. Since I started my spin journey, I have come to better understand the various reasons why people attend spin classes, what one can achieve on a stationary bike as well as the numerous different forms a rhythmic cycling class can take.

These are the 5 things I learnt about spin classes and the spin industry in Singapore.


I used to assume people attend rhythmic cycling classes purely for the exercise. However, based on my observations from various conversations and social media behaviour, I realised there are so, so more different possible motivations behind a person’s attendance at spin classes. These reasons may include, without limitation:

  • to get a relatively low-impact cardiovascular workout whereby you have a large degree of control over the intensity throughout the session; 
  • to immerse one’s self in as close an approximation of a vibey, music-driven nightclub ambience as is possible during the pandemic when such activities are limited; 
  • to work out together with your bevy of friends, especially if you wish to exercise with a number of friends higher than the prevailing permitted social size; 
  • to feel comfortable and totally inconspicuous in the sea of riders under low lighting if you are exercising alone; 
  • to be able to conveniently clock in a workout anytime, since there are spin classes scheduled throughout the day across the country’s range of studio options, as opposed to many HIIT fitness classes which are usually only available at certain peak hours;
  • to create opportunities for post-workout portrait shots/Boomerangs/Instagram Stories either in front of a backlit mirror or with your squad and possibly the instructor as well; 
  • to generate workout statistics for sharing on social media;
  • to fawn over and gawk at the charismatic Instagram influencer or singlet-toting, Darlie-smiley and/or big-gunned guy on the podium; 
  • to bring friends or make friends with like-minded folks to fawn over and gawk at the charismatic Instagram influencer or singlet-toting, Darlie-smiley and/or big-gunned guy on the podium; 
  • to make new friends within the burgeoning and generally friendly and supportive spin community; 
  • to flaunt your Lululemon and Kydra swag on the spin floor and tag the brands on your Instagram Stories;
  • to join an exercise class which caters to a wide spectrum of different fitness levels such that you can be motivated and inspired from those more advanced than you are; and 
  • to have fun and dress up elaborately for party-style events under the guise of a theme ride.
Aurora Singapore Vehn
Vehn (Aurora Singapore).
Revolution Singapore Tanjong Pagar Angela and Paul
Angela and Paul (Revolution Singapore, Tanjong Pagar).
R10T Singapore JM and Danil Hugo Ride
JM and Danil, Hugo Ride (R10T Singapore).
Absolute Cycle Singapore The Centrepoint Jia En
Jia En (Absolute Cycle Singapore, The Centrepoint).
CruCycle Singapore Duxton Kenny and Sherie
Kenny and Sherie (CruCycle Singapore, Duxton).


Most riders would be familiar with the basic building blocks of rhythmic cycling – pushes, presses, tapbacks, body rolls, crosses, jumps, climbs and runs. However, I have since learned there is so much more to spin choreography than just the aforementioned movements. 

My first taste of hands-off choreography – that is, when you are off the saddle and either one or both of your hands leave the safety of the handlebar – was quite a rude shock, and my initial attempts involved much clumsiness and elephantine crashing of both hands onto the handlebar to regain balance and stability. I started off with relatively simple movements such as pulsing with outstretched arm raises and “screwdrivers” (i.e. when your arms form an X and you twist them 90-degrees clockwise or anti-clockwise), and eventually progressed to more challenging moves such as the “Pontianak” and the “Watermelon” (running while extending and retracting your arms), running front-back-front claps as well as holding your arms in an X or even doing boxing style moves like jabs, hooks and crosses throughout an entire run…all the while remaining on beat.

That being said, choreography does not have to be hands-free to be difficult – towel climbs and runs (when you wrap your towel around the handlebar and grip onto both ends while climbing and running), high resistance jumps (when you alternate between seated and off-saddle pedalling when the resistance is turned up high), planks (when you rest your elbows on the handlebar and run), fast jogs (which require your legs to pedal uniformly fast through the entire track), weighted runs (when you are holding on to or doing things with a dumbbell with only one hand on the handlebar), extended runs as well as fast sprints (you are basically flying) all feature elements of endurance, stamina and/or the use of your core. 

Ground Zero Singapore Weiren
Weiren (Ground Zero Singapore).
CruCycle Singapore Orchard Mandalyn
Mandalyn (CruCycle Singapore, Orchard).
Revolution Singapore Orchard Dusk to Dark Ride Aloysius
Aloysius, Dusk to Dark Ride (Revolution Singapore, Orchard).
Ascend Fitness Singapore Elise
Elise (Ascend Fitness Singapore).


The start of one’s spin journey is often fraught with financial peril, lack of guidance as well as imperfect knowledge. From the point that you decide you want to try a spin class, there is no easy or obvious way of discerning what studios are out there, which instructors to go for and which packages to buy.

There is always the question as to what is reasonable – or sustainable – to pay for spin classes because of the industry’s pricing structures. On their respective websites, studios will usually indicate the price of a single drop-in (usually around $40) and then upsell class packages which reduce the price per class the more classes you pay for upfront. A sensible package drives the cost per class to around the comparatively affordable $20+ price range or less, although the average cost per class at pricier studios such as CruCycle and Ally typically still hover around the $30 range even when you purchase a jumbo package or a promotionally priced package. (Of course, there is usually a correlation between the cost of a class and the quality of the client experience, e.g. luxurious bath amenities, spacious shower stalls etc.) And then, on the opposite end of the spectrum, you see studios like Revolution offering classes for as low as the equivalent of S$10-15 per class on ClassPass and there is also the outlier R10T which offers unlimited spin sessions (along with yoga and HIIT classes) for a weekly membership fee. Many studios frequently offer promotional deals off their standard packages and are also available on ClassPass if you prefer a looser drop-in style relationship (e.g. CRNK, Aurora). It all boils down to your budget from a long-term perspective as well as what you are willing to pay for your spin experiences.

Because of the potentially high cost of spinning regularly, it is very common for a new rider to purchase/share a 50 or 100-class package when they first start spinning as a matter of financial prudence. (Everyone will know at least one person who bought/shared a 100-class Absolute Cycle package and is still trying to clear the seemingly endless package.) However, being tied to a longer-term package impedes your ability and freedom to explore other studios/instructors and eventually Goldilocks your ideal studio in terms of guest experience, intensity and cost. For riders who invested in a longer-term package, they may never find a good reason or time to look beyond their first ever studio and discover the expanse of different spin studios out there, each with their own strengths and weaknesses. (The differences between the many spin studios is covered in greater detail in The 2021 Ultimate Guide to Spin Studios.)

CruCycle Singapore Orchard Bathroom
Bathroom (CruCycle Singapore, Orchard).
Ally Singapore Shower Facilities
Shower Facilities (Ally Singapore).
R10T Singapore Kevin
Kevin (R10T Singapore).
CRNK Singapore Bryan
Bryan (CRNK Singapore).
Revolution Singapore Cecil Street Queenie
Queenie (Revolution Singapore, Cecil Street).


Without recommendations and guidance from existing spin enthusiasts, a new rider would not be able to identify the most suitable studio for taking their first steps into the world of rhythmic cycling based on their preferences, use case as well as fitness level. The search process is made more complicated by how studios approach onboarding for beginners differently. Some studios insist on a mandatory beginner class before you can book the regular classes (e.g. Absolute Cycle, AXIOM); some offer fundamental/beginner classes on their schedules but leave it solely to your choice and discretion whether you want to attend those before trying regular classes (e.g. SPYN, Lumi Cycle, Aurora, Ascend Fitness); a few studios incorporate a primer at the start of each class on the different basic choreography as well as the correct form to adopt on the bike before segueing into the class proper (e.g. Ground Zero). 

However, for the majority of studios, the instructor will simply survey at the start of class whether there are newcomers before (in an ideal situation) either adjusting the session’s intensity and difficulty levels accordingly or verbally advising inexperienced riders not to attempt choreography if they are unable to keep up and to sit down anytime they need to. 

Instructors are a key factor in the overall spin equation. Every instructor is different in terms of personality, appearance, vocals, physicality, quality of instruction, energy, vibes, musical inclinations and choreography. The selection of the first few spin instructors you ride with are rather critical – aside from shaping how you might feel about the studio and rhythmic cycling in general, they are in the position to equip you with necessary techniques, form as well as good safety habits. However, unless you had specific recommendations from friends on whose classes to go for as a newbie, it is really down to luck of the draw whether you get instructors who will set your spin journey on the right note. You may choose not to purchase a package with the studio because you were turned off by how lunatic the instructor’s choreography was/how chill and unchallenging the class was when perhaps, in actual fact, these specific instructors may be outliers in the studio’s diverse team which may comprise other instructors whose style may suit your fancy better. 

This issue is compounded by how, apart from the low barriers to entry for becoming a spin/fitness instructor in Singapore, there is no applicable industry standard as to how much or what type of training an instructor needs before being able to lead a spin class. There are studios with very formalised training programmes and then there are studios which allegedly debut instructors with minimal training who have only ever done indoor cycling for a month (?!). As such, there are wildly divergent standards when it comes to the quality of instructors.

If a beginner happens to have scheduled their first class at a studio/with an instructor which does not suit them, be it in terms of vibes or difficulty, it is highly likely that the rider might get completely lost amidst the fast-paced proceedings and not enjoy the class as intended. Without guidance on form and technique, the rider’s risk of injury is higher and the rider may not be able to reap the possible fitness and health benefits from the session. There is also the risk of physical overexertion and rhabdomyolysis, etc. 

Absolute Cycle Singapore i12 Katong
Ria (Absolute Cycle Singapore, i12 Katong).
SPYN Singapore Xin Jie
Xin Jie (SPYN Singapore).
Aurora Singapore Kazuo
Kazuo (Aurora Singapore).
Ground Zero Singapore Joshua
Joshua (Ground Zero Singapore).


Most people I know have very specific impressions of what rhythmic cycling entails. Some think it’s a light-to-medium intensity, music-driven workout in the same vein as Zumba and Aerobics. Some believe it is a frivolous form of exercise performed primarily by Xiao Mei Meis or middle-aged women decked in branded active wear such as Lululemon as part of a curated “lifestyle”. Others picture it as simply a glossier, sexier take on the more resistance-based RPM cycling, but with jazzier choreography.

Not all of the above is untrue. Spin cycling is indeed at its core essentially cardio on a stationary bike, usually involving choreography and soundtracked by high BPM tracks. However, what constitutes a spin class differs from studio to studio and instructor to instructor. While the average rhythmic cycling session will typically involve basic choreography and the standard combination of high resistance climbs, jumps, runs as well as the obligatory weights track, that is not always the case. The following are types of classes which may deviate from the standard format or are unique in their concept:

  • Beginner/fundamental classes: the tempo and intensity slows down, and there is an emphasis on how to execute choreography and maintain proper form for a safe ride. Probably a product of the growing demand for spin classes from previously untapped markets as well as all those pesky rhabdomyolysis cases and accompanying spin/HIIT-bashing victim accounts you see on newspaper reports/social media.
  • Extended rides: while classes usually clock 45 or 50 minutes, extended rides push you that much harder, with studios offering the occasional extended ride which lasts 60, 90 or even 100 minutes, with the longer classes usually costing 2 credits each.
  • Matthew’s classes at CruCycle: while still a rhythmic cycling class by dictionary definition, Matthew’s classes flips the quintessential spin experience (i.e. radio DJ-creamy vocals, clubby vibes, jaunty choreography) on its head, reimagining it as an expert difficulty video game-style challenge with every song being a new stage to conquer and (attempt to) complete. Not recommended for those who are looking for the above-mentioned standard spin class, because this sure isn’t one. Those who think spin classes are necessarily semi-frivolous, feminine and only “light-to-medium intensity” should try this game-changer. 
  • Theme rides: classes which are based on specific themes. Such classes usually showcase songs based on a specified holiday (e.g. Halloween, Christmas), subject matter (e.g. Heartbreak Anthems, Mambo Jambo Tribute), time period (e.g. 00’s, ‘90s), artist (e.g. BLACKPINK, Britney Spears, Adele, Maroon 5) or genre (e.g. Punk Rock, Trance, House, K-Pop, Mandopop, Queens of R&B). Some instructors may also craft their own special theme rides with different formats or levels of intensity (e.g. Queenie Level-Up and Sprint Lovers Delight at Revolution).
  • Double podium rides: usually also theme rides, double podium rides involve two instructors on the podium taking turns to lead the class, with one instructor usually off the bike jiving with the class and giving cues while another remains on bike as demonstrator. On some occasions, the second instructor is a trainee instructor gaining experience before their proper debut.
  • Private classes: when you book the entire studio and choose a specific instructor and theme for your private ride with guests of your choice.
  • Anniversary rides: basically milestone rides for when the instructor hits their 100th/200th/500th class, and usually filled mostly with friends and fans of the instructor.
  • Community classes: usually offered free of charge or at a reduced cost, these classes are led by newly-minted instructors and are often their first public debuts on the podium.
  • Debuts: basically community classes…but without any discounts. 
  • Method/Road classes: carries many names across different studios, but these classes are essentially RPM-style classes which eschew flashy vigorous choreography in favour of frequent resistance adjustments and riding across different terrains. Only a select few studios (e.g. XYCO Studio, AXIOM, Revel) offer these.
Ascend Fitness Singapore Jolyn
Jolyn (Ascend Fitness Singapore).
Ally Singapore 100-Minute Ride
100-Minute Ride (Ally Singapore).
CruCycle Singapore Orchard Matthew
Matthew (CruCycle Singapore, Orchard).
Revolution Singapore Tanjong Pagar Endo
Endo (Revolution Singapore, Tanjong Pagar).
XYCO Studio Singapore Dean
Dean (XYCO Studio Singapore).
AXIOM Singapore Hann Khee
Hann Khee (AXIOM Singapore).

Check out more stories from my “5 Things I Learnt About Fitness” series:


Shawn is a full-time lawyer based in Singapore. Neither a professional critic, blogger nor photographer, Shawn is simply somebody who loves food and luxury hotels very much and (likes to think that he has) a quirky sense of humor. When Shawn is not premature ageing and turning his hair further grey due to stress and vicious deadlines, he is somewhere spending an exorbitant amount of money trying out new dining places and hotels.

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